Greece Timeline

Greece Timeline

 

8000 BCE

Mesolithic Period
(8300-7000)
Earliest evidence of burials found in Franchthi Cave in the Argolid, Greece

7250 BCE

Evidence of food producing economy, simple hut construction, and seafaring in mainland Greece and the Aegean

7000 BCE

Neolithic Period
(7000-3000 BCE)
First “Megaron House” at Sesclo, in central Greece

5700 BCE

Evidence of earliest fortifications at Dimini, Greece

3400 BCE

Houses of Vasiliki and Myrtos
Messara Tholoi
House of Tiles at Lerna

 

 

3000 BCE

Aegean Bronze Age
or Early Bronze Age

(3000-2000)

Minoan Prepalatial
or: EMIA, EMIB (3000-2600 BCE)

Early Cycladic Culture
(3200-2000)

Early Helladic Period
(3000-2000)

2600 BCE

Minoan Prepalatial Period
or: EMIIA, EMIIB, MMIII
(2600-2000 BCE)
Destruction of Minoan settlements

2000 BCE

Minoan Protopalatial Period
or: MMIA, MMIB, MMI IA, MMI IB, MMI IIA, MMI IIB, LMIA Early
(1900-1700 BCE)

Early Middle Cycladic(2000-1600 BCE)

Middle Helladic Period
or Middle Bronze Age
(2000-1550)

Destruction of Minoan palaces
Settlement of Akrotiri, Thera
Grave Circle B at Mycenae

1700 BCE

Minoan Neopalatial Period
or: LMIA Advanced, LMIA Final, LMIB Early, LMIB Late, LMII
(1700-1400)
Eruption of Thera volcano (sometime between 1627 and 1600)

1627 BCE

Grave Circle A at Mycenae 
Legends:
Argo Voyage, Heracles, Oedipus

1600 BCE

Late Bronze Period
or The Heroic Age
(1600-1100)
Tholos Tomb at Mycenae

1550 BCE

Late Helladic Period
(1500-1100)
Linear B writing (1450-1180)

1450 BCE

Mycenaean Palaces
Evidence of expanded Mycenaean trade at Levand

1400 BCE

Minoan Postpalatial Period
or: LMIIIA1, LMIIIA2, LMIIIB, LMIIIC
(1400-1100)
Palace of Knossos destruction

1370 BCE

“Sea Peoples” begin raids in the Eastern Mediterranean

1300 BCE

Mycenaean Culture
(1300-1000)
Trojan War (1250 or 1210)

1250 BCE

Destruction of many Mycenaean palaces
Doric Invasions? (1200-1100)
Sea Peoples (1200-1100)

1200 BCE

1180 BCE

Sub-Mycenaean Period
(1180-1050)
Destruction of Miletus and resettlement

1100 BCE

Sub-Minoan Period
(1150-950)

Dark Age of Greece
(1100-700)

Proto-Geometric Period
(1100-900)

End of Mycenaean civilization
Lefkandi: Toumba building

1000 BCE

900 BCE

Geometric Period
(900-700)

 

First Olympic Games

776 BCE

Greek colonies established in Southern Italy & Sicily
Invention of Greek alphabet
Homeric poems recorded in writing (750-700)

750 BCE

Late Geometric
(circa 760-700)

740 BCE

Orientalizing Period
(circa 740-650)
First Messenian War
Sparta invades Messenia
(730-710)
Naxos founded (734)
Syracuse founded (733)

730 BCE

700 BCE

Archaic Period
(700-480)
Earliest Lyric Poets

650 BCE

Second Messenian War
Sparta invades Messenia (640-630)
Cyrene founded (630)

640 BCE

Sappho born in Lesbos

630 BCE

Thales (625-545) born in Miletos

625 BCE

Pythagoras (ca. 569-475) born in Samos

569 BCE

Solon replaces the Draconian law in Athens and lays the foundation for Democracy.
He introduced to Athens the first coinage and a system of weights and measures

594 BCE

Pisistratos becomes tyrant of Athens

546 BCE

Pesistratos Dies. His sons become tyrants of Athens

527 BCE

Red-figure pottery developed in Athens

525 BCE

Alcmaeonid family and Spartans free Athens from tyranny.
Introduction of Democracy in Athens

510 BCE

Kleisthenes begins reforming Athenian code of laws, and establishes a democratic constitution

508 BCE

Ionian revolt

499 BCE

Ionian revolt defeated by Persians

494 BCE

Persian Wars

497-479 BCE

Battle of Marathon
Athenians defeat Darius and his Persian army

490 BCE

Silver mines discovered near Athens.
Athens begin building naval fleet

483 BCE

Aristides ostracized

482 BCE

Xerxes marches on Greece
Battle of Thermopylae
Persians burn the Acropolis
Athens and allies defeat Persian fleet at naval battle of Salamis

480 BCE

Classical Period
(480-323 )

Transitional (480-450)

Battle of Plataea
Greeks defeat Persian army

479 BCE

Delian league lead by Athens

477 BCE

Earthquake in Lakonia
Helot revolt against Sparta in Messenia

465 BCE

Peloponnesian Wars:
“First Peloponnesian War”

461-445

Perikles leads Athens through its “Golden Era” (ca. 460-429)

460 BCE

Aeschylus produces “the Oresteia” trilogy of tragedies (Agamemnon, Libation Barers, Eumenides) in Athens

458 BCE

Delian league treasury moved from Delos to Athens

454 BCE

Sophist Protagoras visits Athens

450 BCE

Acropolis and other major building projects begin in Athens
Construction of Parthenon (449-432)
Sophocles produces the tragedy “Ajax”

449 BCE

Thirty-year peace treaty signed between Athens and Sparta in winter 446/445

446 BCE

Sophocles produces “Antigone” in Athens 430-429

441 BCE

Peloponnesian War (431-404) resumes
Euripedes produces “Medea” in Athens

431 BCE

Plague epidemic in Athens

430 BCE

Death of Perikles

429 BCE

Peace of Nicias

421 BCE

Construction of Temple of Athena Nike (420-410)

420 BCE

Athenians resume hostilities
Spartans defeat Athens at Mantinea

418 BCE

Athens razes Melos

416 BCE

Athens expedition to Syracuse
Alcibiades defects to Sparta

415 BCE

Syracuse defeats Athens

413 BCE

Aristophanes produces “Lysistrata”

411 BCE

Athens surrenders to Sparta
Thirty tyrants rule Athens

404 BCE

Democracy restored in Athens

403 BCE

Trial and execution of Socrates

399 BCE

Plato establishes the Athens Academy

380 BCE

Sparta defeated in Leuctra

371 BCE

Thebes defeats Sparta at Mantinea

362 BCE

Philip II, becomes King of Macedonia

359 BCE

Macedonian army defeats Athens and its allies at Chaeronea
League of Corinth founded

338 BCE

Phillip II Assassinated.
Alexander the Great becomes king of Macedonia

336 BCE

Aristotle founds the Lyceum in Athens

335 BCE

Alexander the Great defeats Persian army at Granicus river in Anatolia

334 BCE

Alexander the Great defeats Persians at Issus

333 BCE

Tyre capitulates to Alexander after siege

332 BCE

Alexander invades Egypt
City of Alexandria founded in Egypt
Alexander defeats Persians at Gaugamela

331 BCE

Alexander’s army reaches Bactria (Afghanistan)

329 BCE

Alexander marries Roxane (princes of Bactria)

327 BCE

Alexander’s army reaches India

326 BCE

Death of Alexander the Great

323 BCE

Hellenistic Period
(323-146)
Aristotle dies

322 BCE

Stoic philosopher Zeno founds school in Athens

310 BCE

Stoic philosopher Epicurus founds school in Athens

307 BCE

Ptolemy I founds museum in Alexandria

300 BCE

Archimedes (287-212) born in Syracuse

287 BCE

Achaean League founded

284 BCE

Invasion of Greece by Gauls

279 BCE

Gauls defeated by king Attalus I

238 BCE

First Macedonian War (214-204)
Rome defeats Philip V of Macedon

214 BCE

Second Macedonian War (200-196)
Victory of Flamininus at Cynoscephalae

200 BCE

Third Macedonian War (172-168/7)
Lucius Aemelius Paulus of Rome defeats Perseus of Macedon at Pydna.
Macedonia divided into four republics

172 BCE

Roman Invasion of Greece
Mummius Achaicus sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league.
Rome rules Greece henceforth

146 BCE

Late Hellenistic or Greco-Roman (146-30)
Romans lead by Sulla sack Athens

86 BCE

Battle of Aktion
Octavian (later Augustus) defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra

31 BCE

Death of Cleopatra

30 BCE

End of “Ancient Greece” period

 

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